Project Profile
  • Rauwolfia (also spelled Rauvolfia) is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs in the Apocynaceae family. The approximately 85 species in the genus can mainly be found in tropical regions. Rauvolfia caffra is the South African quinine tree. 
  • Rauvolfia serpentina, or Indian Snakeroot or Sarpagandha, contains a number of bioactive chemicals, including ajmalicine, deserpidine, rescinnamine, serpentinine, and yohimbine. Rauvolfia root or Serpentine root is one of the important crude drugs used in modern medicine.
  • The root contains ophioxylin (an alkaloid having orange colored crystalline principle), resin, starch and wax. The total alkaloid yield is 0.8%. Five crystalline alkaloids isolated are ajmaline, ajmalicine, serpentine, serpentinine, and yohimbine. Its roots are often used as an adulterant of R. serpentina.
  • Reserpine is an alkaloid first isolated from R. serpentina which was widely used as an antihypertensive drug. It had drastic psychological side effects and has been now replaced by blood-pressure-lowering drugs that lack such adverse effects. 
  • Reserpine is the most important alkaloid present in root, stem and leaves of the plant. It varies from 1.7 to 3.0 %. The root barks has more than 90% of the total alkaloids in roots. The % of the alkaloid depends on the geographical place from where the plant is collected and also the season of collection. 
  • Reserpine has a highly complex pattern of activity. The effects of reserpine include respiratory inhibition, stimulation of peristalsis, myosis, relaxation of nictating membranes, and influence on the temperature regulating centre. It increases the volume and free acidity of gastric secretion.
Growth and Cultivation
  • Rauwolfia
  • Rauvolfia serpentina - Information
  • Herbal Monograph
  • Indian Snakeroot
  • Habit and Distribution
  • Rauvolfia serpentina Benth.ex Kurz.
  • Cultivation
  • Plantation & Nursing techniques
  • Nursery Raising & Planting
  • Cultivation Notes
  • Frequently Asked Questions

Company Profiles

  • Mother Herbs (P) Ltd. & Agro Products
  • Elixir Extracts
  • Exotic Naturals
  • Jeevan Herbs & Agro Farms
  • Victory Corporate & Technical Services Pvt. Ltd.
  • Tejaswani Herbs & Herbal Products
  • Aayurmed Biotech (P) Ltd.
  • Gokul International
  • Herbotech Pharmaceuticals
  • Phyto Concentrates
  • SurajBala Exports Private Ltd

Project  and Consultants

  • Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
  • Biodiversity - Research Divisions
  • Akal Naturopathy Project
  • Industrial & NGO's Project
  • Society for Rural Initiatives for Promotion of Herbals


  • State A forestation Policy
  • Health Care Services & Herbal/Natural Products
  • Heterologous Expression of a Rauvolfia cDNA Encoding Strictosidine Glucosidase


Products and Applications

  • Hypertension Care
  • Cardocare Capsules
  • Cardiol
  • Serpina in Hypertension
  • Rauwolfia serpentina in Dermatological Therapy
  • The Value of Plants Used in Traditional Medicine for Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Information


  • Medicinal Plants in Meghalaya
  • Pricelist of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
  • Management of Two Critically Endangered Medicinal Plants in the Natural Forests of Central India
  • Rate list of Tissue Cultured Plants
  • Market Information On Medicinal Plants
  • Medicinal Plant Survey


  • H.P. Govt. Initiatives in promoting Himalayan Medicinal Plants 

  • Botanical Derivatives in the Pharmaceutical Field
  • Operational Guidelines for Financial Assistance
  • Studies in Hypertension with Reserpin and Total alkaloids
  • A novel quaternary Analogue of Reserpine Augments Urinary Excretion

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Exporters of Sarpgandha
  • Indian Exporters & Manufacturers
  • Selling Lead
  • Trade Directory
  • Traders 
  • Shivsagar Herbal Farm
  • Suppliers of Sarpgandha
  • Trade Leads
  • Wholesale Supplier
  • Buyers of Medicinal Herbs