Project Profile
  • The generic name Pithecellobium is derived from the Greek word `pithekos' meaning an ape and `lobos' referring to a pod and the species name `dulce' in Latin means `sweet' in allusion to the edible pulp of the pod. Pithecellobium dulce followed the Spanish galleon route through the Pacific and Asia to Africa. It is now common and naturalised in India, especially in Chennai where it is grown to produce impenetrable fences.
  • Pithecellobium is a thorny, deciduous tree grows up to 10 m tall, forming impenetrable thickets. It is relatively resistant to fire and resprouts rapidly by basal or aerial shoots. It is found from sea level to 300 m elevation in dryer habitats. 
  • Pithecellobium is a genus of about 110 species, mostly native to Asia and tropical America. The species has become naturalized where planted and is now considered a pest in Florida. 
  • Pithecellobium dulce, as it is known botanically, is a fast growing, evergreen, glabrous, spiny tree with a crooked trunk, bearing small branchlets armed with short, straight, sharp, stipular spines, arising near the base of the leaves.
  • Kodukkapuli, a not-so-common fruit in marketplaces, is often sold by vendors going around the streets and is relished by school kids. Native to South America and the West Indies, it is referred to as Manila Tamarind, as its sour taste resembles tamarind
  • The pods contain a thick, sweetish, acidic pulp that is eaten raw or made into a drink similar to lemonade. The plant is reported to be a folk remedy for convulsions, dysentery, ear ache, leprosy, peptic ulcer and tooth ache. 
  • Our Tree neighbours 
  • Native Shrubs for south Florida
  • Pithecellobium dulce
  • Plant profile
  • Sorting pithecellobium names
  • Pacay
  • Texas Ebony
  • Description & Distribution
  • Constituents of Pithecellobium multiforum
  • Pithecellobium dulce Benth 
  • Pithecellobium Species
  • Species description or overview
  • Pithecellobium flexicaule
  • Pithecellobium unguis
  • Pithecellobium saman
  • Pithecellobium lobatum
  • Pithecellobium keyense
  • Pithecellobium glomeriflorum
  • Pithecellobium jiringa
  • Pithecellobium minutum
  • Species Information
  • Pithecellobium schaffneri

Photo Gallery

  • Wildflower Pictures And photos
  • Arizona Nursery Association
  • Plants of Hawaii
Growth And cultivation
  • Habitat
  • Fabaceae-Pea family
  • Leguminosae
  • Cultural requirements
  • Manila Tamarind

Properties And Material Safety Data Sheet

  • FNGLA Auctions
  • USDA Drawings
  • Isolation and Properties of a Kunitz-Type Protein Inhibitor
  • PCD Enterprises
  • Southeast Growers
  • EL Viejo Saman
  • HI Rise Exports Pvt. Ltd
  • USA Suppliers
Market Reports
  • Potential Environmental weeds in Australia
  • Antifugal activity against postharvest fungi
  • The Hindu
  • Risk assessment results
  • Market Manila
  • Metro Plus Pondicherry