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Acetic Acid

  • Acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid, is an organic chemical compound best recognized for giving vinegar its sour taste and pungent smell.
  • Eventual applications for acetic acid derivatives include latex emulsion resins for paints, adhesives, paper coatings, textile finishing agents, cellulose acetate fibers, cigarette filter tow, and cellulosic plastics. It is also found in ocean water, oilfield brines, rain, and at trace concentrations in many plant and animal liquids.
  • Acetic acid is produced both synthetically and by bacterial fermentation. Today, the biological route accounts for only about 10% of world production, but it remains important for vinegar production, as many of the world food purity laws stipulate that vinegar used in foods must be of biological origin.
  • The major use of acetic acid is for the production of vinyl acetate monomer (VAM). This application consumes approximately 40% to 45% of the world's production of acetic acid.
  • Acetic acid is used as a solvent in the oxidation of p-xylene to terephthalic acid. Although only a small segment presently, it is growing at 4.5 percent per year because of demand for terephthalic acid in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins. The driver here is PET bottles for the carbonated drinks market. Vinyl acetate, the largest market for acetic acid is growing at roughly 3 percent per year.
  • Acetic acid is corrosive, and its vapour causes an irritation to the eyes, dry and burning nose, sore throat and congestion to the lungs, although it is a weak acid based on its ability to dissociate in aqueous solutions.
  • The BIS standards for acetic acid are IS 695 and IS 5208. There are various ISO standards pertaining to acetic acid. With the increased price benefit on account of its export potential, special emphasis is laid on the packaging, transportation
    and quality of acetic acid.
  • VAM and TPA have played an important role in global acetic acid demand growth. VAM has benefited from strong consumer demand globally, and TPA demand has been accelerating because of the growth of polyester demand, mostly for the production of plastic bottles, but also in fiber applications. The other major consumers of acetic acid show positive, although slower, growth.
  • The global demand of acetic acid is around 6.5 million tonnes per year (Mt/a), of which approximately 1.5 Mt/a is met by recycling; the remainder is manufactured from petrochemical feedstocks or from biological sources.
  • Total worldwide production of virgin acetic acid is estimated at 5 Mt/a (million tonnes per year), approximately half of which is produced in the United States. European production stands at approximately 1 Mt/a and is declining, and 0.7 Mt/a is produced in Japan. Another 1.5 Mt are recycled each year, bringing the total world market to 6.5 Mt/a.
  • The two biggest producers of virgin acetic acid are Celanese and BP Chemicals. Other major producers include Millennium Chemicals, Sterling Chemicals, Samsung, Eastman, and Svensk Etanolkemi.
  • The present installed capacity in the world for acetic acid is estimated at over 5 million TPA. The major manufacturers worldwide include Hoechst, Walker Chemie, BASF, Huls in Germany; BP Chemicals in UK; Montedison in Italy;Daicel, Nippon Gosei Kagaku and Showa Acetly Chemical in Japan; Celanese and Union Carbide Corpn. in USA.


  • Acetic acid
  • Acetic Acid Introduction
  • History of Acetic Acid
  • Chemical Reactions of Acetic Acid
  • Properties of Acetic Acid
  • Glacial, Acetic Acid
  • Acetic Acid: Frequently Asked Questions

Production and Processing

  • Acetic acid Production Process
  • Utilization of Ethanol by Acetic Acid
  • Liquid-liquid extraction
  • Extractive Distillation
  • Azetropic distillation
  • Batch Drying
  • Acetic acid dehydration system
  • Acetic Acid Production by
    Clostridium thermoaceticum
  • Acetic Acid Production by Yeast
  • Acetic Acid Recovery Process in PTA Production 
  • Production of Acetic Acid Using Biotechnological Process
  • Recovery of Acetic Acid Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction

Production Of Acetic Acid by Fermentation Method

  • Production of Acetic Acid by Fermentation with Propionibaeteria
  • Fermentation method to obtain higher acid production of acetic acid bacteria
  •  Bacterial Fermentations of Acetic Acid
  • Production of Acetic Acid by Feermentation using CMA

Company Profiles

  • Celanese
  • Laxmi Organic Industries Ltd
  • IOL Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals
  • Karnavathi Chemicals
  • Pearl Chemicals  


  • The Innovation Group
  • Conser
  • Roddy Engineering Services
  • Intota
  • Green Fret Consulting
  • Tecnon Orbichem's Experts
  • Quest Consultants Inc

Patent and Technology

  • Acetic acid production methods
  • Control system for acetic acid manufacturing process
  • Purification of Acetic Acid
  • Method For Recovering Acetic Acid From Aqueous Streams
  • Acetic Acid Reactive Distillation Process
  • Methanol Plant Retrofit For Acetic Acid Manufacture
  • Microbial Anaerobic Production of Acetic Acid
  • US Patent For  Production of Acetic Acid
  • Meta Leaching Technology
  • DOE Bioethanol Pilot Plant
  • IBN Rushd Acetic Acid Plant
  • Acetic Acid Plant
  • BPPA Plant
  • Catalytic Oxidation of Acetic Acid Plant
  • Celanese Acetic Acid Plant
  • Acetic Acid Plant Expansion Work ordered from GNF

Market and Report

  • Acetic Acid Market Information
  • Market Demand of Acetic Acid
  • Global Insight Asian Perspective
  • Celanese Market
  • Acetic Acid Economic Report
  • ICIS Pricing Report
  • Saudi Arabia Country report
  • Indole-3-acetic acid metabolism in normal and dwarf micro propagated
    banana plants
  • Production And Separation of Acetic Acid
  • Acetic Acid Production by Methanol Oxo Process
  • Acetic Acid Project of Jining Mining Group
  • Efficacy of Vinegar As An Organic Herbicide
  • Acetic Acid and Vinyl Acetate Monomer
  • Project Profile Of Acetic Acid Production
  • Projects for Cleaner Production in the Chemical Industry


  • Gherkins Preservation Using Acetic Acid
  • MicroFermentation Cassette Application
  • Uses and Applications
  • Acetic Acid Uses
  • Rapid Screening of Pharmaceuticals
    by Thin-Layer Chromatography
  • Acetic Acid Used As a Broad-Spectrum Herbicide

Equipments Suppliers

  • Beesy Evaporator Suppliers
  • Separation technology
  • Plants from Switzerland
  • Italian Equipment
  • DDPS Equipment Suppliers
  • Chainless Merceriser MachineSuppliers
  • Heat Exchanger Suppliers
  • Processing Equipment Suppliers
  • Nantong Acetic Acid Chemicals Co.

Manufacturers And Suppliers

  • Acetic Acid Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Acetic Acid Providers
  • Acetic Acid China Suppliers
  • Acetic Acid Exporters
  • Indian Suppliers of Acetic Acid
  • Acetic Acid Manufacturers
  • Acetic Acid Selling Leads
  • South korean Suppliers of Acetic Acid
  • Suppliers of Acetic Acid
  • Industrial Acetic Acid Suppliers


  • Acetic Acid Buyers
  • Glacial Acetic Acid Buyers
  • Acetic Acid Importers
  • Indian Buyers of Acetic Acid
  • Acetic Acid Trade Leads

Safety And Guidelines

  • Acetic Acid Fact Sheet
  • Mallinckrodt Baker Data Sheet
  • Safety Data For Acetic Acid
  • Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazard
  • Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid
  • Aqueous Aluminum Acetate Otic Solution
  • Safety and Health Information on Acetic Acid
  • Pesticides Database
  • Glacial Acetic Acid Safety Measures
  • Chemical Safety Data For Ethanoic Acid
  • Safety Data  Cleaning Agent