Turkey Farming

Project Profile
  • A turkey is either of two species of large birds in the genus Meleagris native to North America . Males called gobblers or toms are larger than females called hens.
  • Turkey mainly lives in forested areas and marshlands, and it is native to northern Mexico and the eastern United States.
  • The three main types of turkey production consist of conventional enclosed housing (Broiler sheds), pole barns and free range systems.
  • Feed is a significant expense. Heritage turkeys require
    a feed formulation with 28% protein, which is more
    expensive than commercial turkey feed.
  • The turkey processing plant
    studied is a vertically integrated, federally inspected operation. Separate rooms are used for the various stages of processing, including killing, scalding and
    plucking, eviscerating, chilling, and packaging.
  • The current trend for the industry is increased size of each production unit, and increased specialization. In the past, a large percentage of the producers maintained a breeder flock, hatchery, and grow-out units.
  • Turkey production in the United States for was 296 million. The number one production state was North Carolina with production of 63 million and Minnesota was second with production of 41.0 million.
  • Turkeys are marketed between 14 and 16 weeks of age. At this age turkey will typically weigh from 14.7 to 17.5 pounds. 
    Two hundred million turkeys a year, or 3.7 billion pounds at about 80 cents a pound, are sold to the American people, each of whom consumes an average of 13 1/2 pounds a year.
  • For years the turkey industry was a whole-bird market, and that still is a big part of the business.
  • The economics of range production of heritage turkeys is dependent on fixed costs, management, product quality, and market conditions.
  • Turkey farming is very popular in western countries and the major turkey producing countries are United States of America, Canada, Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
  • Turkey farming is in infancy in India. Turkey farming is getting popular fast in southern regions. There are three varieties of turkey commonly available in India. They are Board breasted bronze, Broad breasted white and Beltsville small white.
  • The meat of turkey has nutritional and sensorial properties which make it almost ideal raw material for rational and curative nutrition.
  • The turkey is reared throughout temperate parts of the world, and is a popular form of poultry, partially because industrialised farming has made it very cheap for the amount of meat it produces.
General Information
  • Physical Description and Behavior
  • Domesticated turkey
  • Life Cycle of Turkeys
  • Turkey Industry Information
  • Information Sheet
  • Turkey (bird)

Turkey Industry

  • The Alberta Turkey Industry
  • Economic Importance of Minnesota's Poultry Industry
  • Biosecurity Principles: Protecting the Utah Turkey Industry
  • Bird Industry Identification Working Group
  • Turkey Industry Strategies for Control of Respiratory and Enteric Diseases

Turkey Farming

  • Turkey Farming in Britain
  • Turkey...from Farm to Freezer
  • Turkey farming blends well in organic orchards
  • Processing Farm-Raised Poultry

Turkey Production

  • The Socio-Economic Analysis of Contracted Turkey Farms
  • Wild Turkey and Upland Game Birds - Annual Report
  • California Turkey Production
  • Farm Fresh Turkey Production
  • Homestead Turkey Production
  • The Socio-Economic Analysis of Extensive Turkey Production in Turkey
  • Small-Flock Turkey Production
  • Flock Profiling for Monitoring Turkey Production
  • Types of turkey production system

Turkey Farms

  • Farm in New England
  • Farm in Alberta
  • Farm in Ohio
  • Farm in New York
  • Turkey Farms
  • Farm in New Jersey
  • Farm in Illinois
  • Another Farm in New Jersey
  • Farm in Ayrshire
  • Farm in New Sharon ME

Turkey Processing Plant

  • Turkey processing plant
  • Economics of Heritage Turkey Production on Range
  • Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni in a Turkey Processing Plant
  • Saving an industry
  • Water Use and Waste Water Discharge Patterns in a Turkey Processing Plant


  • Game bird feather mount
  • Hunting Vest
  • Turkey loading apparatus and method
  • Method and Vaccines for Providing in Ovo Protection Against Turkey Rhinotrachettis
  • Perking turkey paddle
  • Poultry and bird feed delivery system
  • Turkey tote
  • Avian Influenza Preparedness and Response Project
  • Impact of Hog and Turkey Farm Production Practices on Molecular Epidemiology of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Emerging Foodborne Pathogens
  • Turkey - Project
  • Poultry Project
  • Turkey Farming Project
  • Evaluation and control of wild turkey damage in California
  • Turkey Production Business Plan


  • Expanding Market for Turkey
  • Structural Change in Chicken and Turkey Slaughter
  • Changes in Poultry Demand
  • Current Status of Florida's Game Bird Industry
  • Favorable Market for Poultry to Encourage Year 2000 Expansions
  • Bird Flu, Pandemic Flu, and Poultry Markets
  • Turkey alternatives
  • Opportunities for exporting game birds


  • Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders from Hatchery to Processing Plant
  • Turkey Management
  • Turkey Management Guide
  • Animal Care Guidelines for the Production of Turkeys
  • Turkey Care Practices


  • Beginnings of Village-Farming Communities in Southeastern Turkey
  • Turkey farming picking up
  • Turkey Poultry and Products -  An Update on AI in Turkey-Correction
  • Predicting Food Safety Losses in Turkey Processing
  • Pilgrim's Pride consolidates processing plants
  • Animal Suffering in the Turkey Industry
  • Wild Turkey Program
  • Wild Turkey Status Report
  • Value-at-Risk and Food Safety Losses in Turkey Processing

Disease Control

  • The Economics of Avian Influenza Control
  • An overview of the 2002 outbreak of low-pathogenic H7N2 avian influenza in Virginia, West Virginia and North Carolina
  • United against bird flu


  • Wild Turkey Hunting Regulations
  • Pheasant Hunting, Turkey Hunting Fees Migratory Bird Harvest Permit
  • Bird Hunting Preserve Regulations
  • Hunting Rules & Regulations
  • Special Hunt Area Rules
  • Wild Turkey Regulations