Palm Oil

Information @ a Glance
  • Palm oil is a form of edible vegetable oil obtained from the fruit of the oil palm tree. The palm fruit is the source of both palm oil and palm kernel oil.
  • Palm oil (from the African Oil Palm, Elais Guineensis) was long recognized in West African countries, and among West African peoples it is in widespread use as a cooking oil. European merchants trading with West Africa occasionally purchased palm oil for use in Europe, but as the oil was bulky and cheap, and due to the much higher profits available from slave-trading, palm oil remained rare outside West Africa.
  • Palm oil became a highly sought-after commodity by British traders, the oil being used as industrial lubricant for the machines of Britain's ongoing Industrial Revolution, as well as forming the basis for different brands of soap such as Palmolive.
  • The palm oil and palm kernel oil are composed of fatty acids, esterified with glycerol just like any ordinary fat. Both are high in saturated fatty acids, about 50% and 80%, respectively. The oil palm gives its name to the 16 carbon saturated fatty acid palmitic acid found in palm oil.
  • Palm oil consists mainly of glycerides made up of a range of fatty acids. Triglycerides constitute the major component, with small proportions of diglycerides and monoglycerides. Palm oil also contains other minor constituents, such as free fatty acids and non-glyceride components. This composition determines the oil's chemical and physical characteristics.
  • The oil winning process, involves the reception of fresh fruit bunches from the plantations, sterilizing and threshing of the bunches to free the palm fruit, mashing the fruit and pressing out the crude palm oil. The crude oil is further treated to purify and dry it for storage and export.
  • The process to extract oil from fresh fruits needs large quantities of water and large amounts of wastewater are released. Crude palm oil mills require about one ton of water to process one ton of FFB, therefore they tend to be located close to a watercourse.
  • Palm oil mills employ conventional biological treatment systems to treat their POME. The systems comprise of anaerobic and aerobic or facultative processes. 64 % of palm oil mills use anaerobic and facultative ponds in series.
  • Palm oil mills also produce significant quantities of by-products/solid waste, such as empty fruit bunch, fibres, shell, decanter cake and ash from the boiler. Only 23% of raw materials are products, the rests are waste/ by-products. Most of the by-products can be reused in the
    production process or in other industries.
  • Demand for palm oil is rising and is expected to climb further, particularly for use in biodiesel . Biodiesel is promoted as a form of renewable energy that greatly reduces net emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, and therefore its use is being touted as a way to decrease the impact of the greenhouse effect and also the possibility of peak oil.
  • India is one of the largest importer of edible oil. There has been consistent increase in the oil consumption. Imports of edible oils have grown over the years. Being a price sensitive market, we import cheap edible oil. As such, Palm oil import accounts for half the India’s edible imports. Apart from India, other countries such as China, US, European countries have been experiencing increase in imports for industrial purposes.
  • The second largest edible oil in the world  Annual production is 12 million tonnes  Nutritious oil rich in Pro-Vitamin A and Vitamin E  Source of edible and many industrial products c Popular cooking medium in India.
  • The trend of strong growth in palm oil consumption continues in 2006/07, as food use and industrial use are forecast to increase 4.5 percent (1.2 MMT) and 8.9 percent (710,000 MT), respectively. The larger food consumption forecast is driven primarily by increased palm oil demand in China and India.
  •  In the oil year 2008-09, India’s per capita consumption rose by an amazing 1.4 kilos driven by low prices and total imports rose by 2.35 million tonnes.
  • In the end it turned out to be a win-win situation for the producers of vegetable oil in Malaysia, Indonesia, Ukraine, Russia, Brazil and Argentina, for the Indian government and the Indian consumer.
  • India surpassed China as the world’s biggest buyer of palm oil as rising incomes increased demand for fried and processed foods and drought reduced domestic cooking oil production
  • China’s imports jumped 23 percent to a record 6.4 million tons last year, according to the National Grain & Oils Information Center
  • India imported 7 million metric tons in 2009, more than China, data from the Mumbai-based Solvent Extractors’ Association of India
 General Information
  • Palm oil
  • Oil Palm  - Elaeis guineensis
  • Palm oil carotenoids
  • Oil Palm - Monoculture

Production and Processing

  • Palm oil Processing
  • Palm Oil Production in Malaysia
  • Oil Palm Fruit Processing
  • Palm Oil Production from Oil Palm Seed
  • Sustainable palm oil production
  • Production of Palm oil
  • Palm oil Process
  • Palm oil Extraction
  • Principles of Oil Extraction
  • Extraction of Palm oil

Company Profiles

  • Presco Plc
  • Chumporn Palm Oil Industry
  • Agropalma
  • PT Astra Agro Lestari Tbk
  • Ghana Oil Palm Development Corporation
  • Univanich Palm Oil Public Company Limited  


  • Posschelle
  • Colin
  • Palm Biodiesel Consultant
  • Christopher
  • John  
  • Robert
  • Project International Consultant
  • Stoveland

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Crude Palm Oil
  • Palm Kernel Oil
  • Palm oil Msds
  • Red Palm oil
  • Palm oil


  • Process for continuous Extraction of Palm oil
  • Unsaturated palm oil fatty alcohols
  • Method for preparing hard butters from palm oil
  • Palm Oil Policy


  • Palm oil Products
  • Crude Palm oil
  • Amazon Products
  • Red Palm oil Products
  • Red Palm oil Hair Care Products
  • Lotion Products
  • Milled Soap
  • Skin Care Products
  • Palm oil Technology
  • Palm Biodiesel Technology
  • Clean Technology for the Crude Palm Oil
  • Biomass Cogeneration Technology
  • Green and Renewable Fuel from Palm Oil
  • Palm oil Technology


  • Cogeneration in a palm oil mill
  • Plant Wide Automation of Palm oil Mills
  • Palm Oil Production Farm in Guatemala
  • Tinytech Plants
  • Oil Milling Plants
  • Yuzana Palm Oil Plant
  • Use of Palm Oil in Frying
  • Use of Palm Oil for Biofuel and as Biomass for Energy
  • Palm Oil as a Fuel for Agricultural Diesel Engines
  • Palm oil usage in Lubricants
  • Use of Palm oil in Biodiesel
  •  Uses of African Palm oil
  • Effect of Palm Oil on Serum Lipid Profile in Rats
 Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • China Palm oil Suppliers
  • Ets Varsity Enterprizes Sarl
  • IB Enterprise Palm oil Supplier
  • Exporters of Palm oil
  • Palm oil Sellers
  • Suppliers of Palm oil
  • Palm oil Trade Leads


  • Palm Oil Buyers List 1
  • Palm Oil Buyers List 2
  • Palm Oil Buyers List 3
  • Palm Oil Buyers List 4

Equipments Suppliers

  • Bleacher Equipment Suppliers
  • Neutralizers Suppliers
  • Chillilng Plant Suppliers
  • Condenser Tower
  • Crystallizing Vessel
  • Deodorizer Suppliers
  • Steam Boilers Suppliers


  • Palm Oil Synergy in Food and Fuel Applications
  • Palm Oil Continues to Dominate Global
  • Import/Export Scenario of  Crude Palm Oil
  • Palm Oil and CSR
  • Growing palm oil market needs sustainable
  • Malaysian Palm oil Fortune
  • Biofuels and Commodity Markets – Palm Oil Focus
  • Sustainable Palm Market in North America
  • Oil Extraction Rate in the Oil Palm Industry
  • Oil Palm Production in Indonesia
  • Maritime Transport of Palm Oil
  • Exports of Malaysian Palm oil


  • Cruelty of Palm oil
  •  Report of Palm oil Engine
  • Pushing the case for Envodiesel
  • Oil Palm Research & Develoopment
  • Palm oil Industry Situationer Report
  • Growth and Global Opportunities in Biofuels for Malaysian Palm Oil
  • Biomass Energy Systems
  • International Report
  • Pacific Rim Palm Oil
  • Palm Oil and Human Health
  • Palm oil Production


  • Green Fuel From Palm oil Biomass
  • Economic Impacts of Plantation Development on Smallholders
  • Kalimantan Border Oil Palm Mega-project
  • Oil Palm Projects
  • Project of using Palm Oil as fuel for Agricultural Machines
  • Cleaner Technology for Palm Oil Industry

Safety and Guidelines

  • Safety Measures of Palm oil
  • Palm oil- Agricultural Practice Guidelines
  • Guideline for the Palm Oil Industry
  • Palm oil Regulations
  • Guidelines for Oil Palm Plantation Development
  • Useful Links for Palm oil
  • Useful Links for Oil Palm Plantations
  • FAQ - Palm oil