Project @ a Glance
  • Lupin, often spelled lupine in North America, is the common name for members of the genus Lupinus in the family Fabaceae. The genus comprises between 150-200 species, and has a wide distribution in the Mediterranean region - Subgen. Lupinus, and the Americas - Subgen. Platycarpos (Wats.) Kurl. The species are mostly herbaceous perennial plants 0.3-1.5 m tall, but some are annual plants and a few are shrubs up to 3 m tall, with one, Lupinus jaimehintoniana, a tree 8 m high with a trunk 20 cm in diameter, from the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
  • The species includes Lupinus albus Lupinus angustifolius, Lupinus luteus,Lupinus albifrons, Lupinus arboreus, Lupinus aridorum, Lupinus arizonicus, Lupinus benthamii, Lupinus bicolor, Lupinus chamissonis, Lupinus diffusus, Lupinus excubitus, Lupinus formosus, Lupinus hirsutissimus, Lupinus jaimehintoniana, Lupinus longifolius, Lupinus microcarpus, Lupinus mutabilis, Lupinus nanus, Lupinus nootkatensis,Lupinus perennis, Lupinus polyphyllus, Lupinus sparsiflorus, Lupinus stiversii, Lupinus succulentus, Lupinus sulphureus, Lupinus texensis, Lupinus tidestromii, Lupinus variicolorand Lupinus villosus.
  • They have a characteristic and easily recognised leaf shape, with soft green to grey-green or silvery leaves with the blades usually palmately divided into 5–17 leaflets or reduced to a single leaflet in a few species of the southeastern United States; in many species, the leaves are hairy with silvery hairs, often densely so. The flowers are produced in dense or open whorls on an erect spike, each flower 1-2 cm long, with a typical peaflower shape with an upper 'standard', two lateral 'wings' and two lower petals fused as a 'keel'. The fruit is a pod containing several seeds.
  • Lupins are popular ornamental plants in gardens. There are numerous hybrids and cultivars. Some species, such as Lupinus polyphyllus and hybrids like the Rainbow Lupin (Lupinus × regalis) are common garden flowers. Others, such as the Yellow Bush Lupin L. arboreus are considered invasive weeds when they appear outside their native range.
  • In a pilot process for obtaining protein isolates from white lupin seed, after a careful optimization of the process parameters, two valuable food ingredients were prepared: lupin protein isolate type E, with a useful emulsifying capacity, and lupin protein isolate type F, with a high capability of foam formation and stabilization. The spray-drying process was particularly critical for inducing some thermal damage, but a careful selection of the conditions permitted ingredients having only marginally impaired lysine bioavailability to be obtained. The reproducibility of the protein extraction process was tested on two different lupin varieties.
  • The Sweet White Lupin Bean produces three principal products: Lupin oil, Lupin flour and Lupin fiber. Crude Lupin Oil is produced by a process called solvent extraction. After the seed has been cleaned and dehulled by machines, crushed and its oil removed the remaining flakes are called Lupin meal. The fiber may be separated and the remaining product is often micro-ground into flour. The Sweet White Lupin Bean also produces a valuable secondary product, Lupin sprouts.
  • Earmarked as the next major competitor to soybean as a high protein source, lupin flour, a food ingredient used in pasta and bread products, has attracted attention from food safety officials in Australia following reports of severe allergic reactions. Recent research sheds new light on the allergenicity of lupin, suggesting that common assumptions about the dangers of the ingredient could be overblown.
  • Pulse Australia, along with the GRDC and the NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI), have taken up the challenge and formulated a Lupin Industry Plan for Eastern Australia, with the aim of having 150,000 hectares in NSW sown to lupins by 2015, with an average yield of 1.6 tonnes per hectare. In 2006, 54,000 hectares were sown.In Victoria they want 105,000ha (up from 30,000ha in 2006) to be sown by 2015 and yielding 1.6t/ha, with a similar target in South Australia, which has 65,000ha in production. The potential market through industrial processing or through on-farm use is very large in Western European countries.
  • Lupin
  • Field Beans and Grain Lupins in Organic Farming
  • Lupin Nature and Habitat
  • Lupin Product Sheet
  • Plant Characteristics


  • Lupin Protein-Nutritional Fibre-Compound
  • Lupin Flour, toasted
  • Lupin Food Product Development
  • Collageneer
  • Food Products
  • Lupini Beans


  • Lupin and Pulse Production Agronomy and Genetic Improvement
  • Common Vetch Production Technology
  • Proteoid Root Development of Phosphorus Deficient Lupin
  • Effects of time of sowing, plant density and row orientation on lupins
  • The Influence of Alley Farming  and Intercropping on the Yield of Lupins
  • White Lupin Performance
  • Production of functional protein hydrolysates
  • Effect of Flurprimidol on Narrow Leaf and White Lupins Seed Yielding


  • Lupins Market
  • Domestic and Export Potential
  • Lupins emerge as stockfeed target
  • Price Premiums from Market Power
  • Marketing Options for Lupins
  • Lupins Update
  • Pulse Market Overview
  • The Perception of Lupin in the European Food Industry
  • Canada slow to adopt high-protein lupins
  • Lupini bean: a bitter contamination risk for sweet albus lupins


  • Method to Produce Lupin Protein-Based Dairy Substitutes
  • Process for the Production of Plant Ingredients
  • Powderous Formulations of Fat Soluble Active Ingredients
  • Process and Apparatus for Freeing Bitter Lupin Seed or Bitter Substance Therein
  • Use of Lupin Conglutin for the Treatment of type II Diabetis

Plantation and Growth

  • A role for wide rows in lupin cultivation in Western Australia
  • Lupin Harvesting
  • Tips to ensure early vigour when sowing late
  • Lupins in South Australia & Victoria
  • A case study of the adoption of lupins in Western Australia
  • Agronomy and Farming Systems
  • Cultural Management


  • Assisting new white lupin processing industries by breeding larger- and smaller-seeded cultivars
  • NaProFood Lupins processing
  • An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Development of Lupin as an Alternative Crop
  • Evaluation of Lupinus albus L. Germplasm for the Southeastern USA
  • Field Performance of Winter Lupins
  • Optimization of a Pilot-Scale Process


  • Mandelup lupins show their worth
  • Mandelup lupins prove their versatility
  • DryLand Lupins
  • Lupin Variety Evaluation
  • Production of genetically engineered lupin seeds expressing sunflower seed albumin
  • Narrowleaf and Albus Lupins

Diseases of Lupins

  • Brown spot and Pleiochaeta root rot of lupins
  • Lupin disease diagnostics
  • Lupin anthracnose disease
  • Effect of simazine on brown spot tolerance of lupins
  • New Lupin disease found in Australia for first time
  • Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) and Aphids in Lupins
  • Cucumber mosaic virus in lupins
 Company Profiles
  • Lupin Grain
  • Good Grains International, Inc.
  • Expanscience Laboratories
  • Mid West Development Commission
  • NaProFood
  • Soya UK Ltd


  • Air Blast Seed Cleaner
  • Kimseed International
  • Harvesting Machinery
  • Seed Cleaning Equipment
  • Sowing Machine
  • Seperator


  • Chemistry Centre
  • Cover/cash crops in tillage systems
  • Lupins in Sustainable Agriculture project
  • FRDC Project
  • Assessment of the nutritional variability of lupins as an aquaculture feed ingredient
  • Metering of Lupins
  • Lupin sowing methods for improved yields


  • Lupins Specialist
  • BioHybrids group
  • Farmanco
  • Isabel Maria
  • Alain Pierret
  • Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
  • Tara Singh
  • Tim D. Davis


  • Lupins for Health and Wealth
  • PG Economics
  • Lupin and Oat Pool Western Australia
  • Report of a Working Group on Grain Legumes
  • New Research Offers a Not-so Loopy Solution
  • Lupin-enriched bread could boost satiety, reduce energy intake
  • Russell lupins
  • Potential New Crops for the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States

Standards and Guide

  • Lupin variety sowing guide 2007
  • 5 Facts About Lupin Allergy
  • Lupin Alkaloids in Food
  • Review of the food safety issues
  • Lupins & Vetch Receival Standards Season 2006/2007
  • Standards for Broadacre Varieties
  • Lupins & Vetch Varieties

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Grain legumes portal
  • Clause Tézier
  • GM-free Ireland Network
  • Selling Lead
  • Seller
  • Syaivo
  • Companies List
  • Buyer
  • Commercial lupin seed suppliers


  • Using lupins and lupin products in aquaculture diets
  • Characteristics and Possible uses of Lupin Seeds
  • Uses of the Sweet White Lupin Bean
  • Growth in lupin flour hampered by allergen shadow?
  • Lupin Uses
  • Uses
  • Pulses Nutritional Value and their Role in Feed Industry
  • Lupin grain as sheep feed
  • Lupin: new ingredient, many advantages
  • Understanding the nutritional chemistry of lupin (Lupinus spp.) seed to improve livestock production efficiency
  • Increasing Phosphate Rock availability using a Lupin Green Manure Crop


  • Growing Andromeda
  • Sweet Albus Lupin
  • Growing Mandelup Lupins
  • Narrow-leafed Lupin
  • Rosetta
  • Growing yellow lupins in Western Australia