Casuarina Plantations
  • Casuarina is a genus of shrubs and trees in the Family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia and islands of the Pacific. Once it was the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three genera, a proposal that is not universally accepted.
  • The name ‘casuarina’ is derived from the Malay word for cassowary, kasuari, which refers to the similarity of the drooping foliage to the birds’ feathers.
  • Species includes Casuarina equisetifolia L, Casuarina oligodon L, Casuarina cunninghamiana , Casuarina Glauca, Casuarina Rumph, Casuarina Junghuniana, Casuarian littoralis.
  • Casuarina is a genus of about 60 Australian species, with related species in New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Pacific Islands. Commonly called she-oaks or oaks, because of the similarity of their timber to European oaks, casuarina species are a distinctive part of the Australian landscape. This forest type also includes the genus Allocasuarina.
  • Australian pine is established in the Hawaiian islands, coastal Florida, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, and many Caribbean islands.
  • Australian pine occurs in open, coastal strand habitat, characterized by sand and shell beaches, rocky coasts, sand dunes, and sand bars in subtropical climates.
  • The wood of some casuarina species is used in flooring, cabinet-making and other ornamental woodworking.The wood of most casuarinas is hard and provides excellent fuel. Coast she-oak is used for timber, poles, pulpwood and mulch. It is reputedly the best fuel wood in the world, because it is relatively smokeless when it burns. It also produces high-quality charcoal. 
  • Casuarinas are important for biodiversity, and remnants of casuarina forests support a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate fauna. Casuarinas provide food for native wildlife, such as the glossy black-cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami), which depends on the seeds of forest oak (Allocasuarina torulosa) and black oak (A. littoralis) as its primary food source.
  • Casuarinas are often used for reforesting, because of their value as windbreaks, and in soil reclamation and erosion control. The hard wood of she-oak was often used for making boomerangs, shields and clubs.
  • The major function of the She Oak remedy is related to the emotional factors inhibiting fertility. This essence is made up using the female flower of the She Oak. 
 General Information
  • Casuarina Information
  • The Casuarina Tree
  • Casuarina Forests and Woodlands
  • Swamp She-oak - profile
  • Reproduction and Early Growth of Casuarina


  • Propagation of Casuarina equiset$bZia through axillaiy buds of immature feniale inflorescences cultured in vitro
  • In vitro clonal propagation of Casuarina equisetifolia Forst. from mature tree-derived explants 
  • Silvicultural Characteristics
  • Casuarina equisetifolia: An Old-timer with a New Future
  • Casuarina glauca - A Hardy Tree with Many Attributes

Extraction and Properties

  • Efficacy of Aqueous and Methanol Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants for Potential Antibacterial Activity 
  • Symbiotic and Nonsymbiotic Hemoglobin Genes of Casuarina glauca 
  • Genetic analyses of Casuarinas using ISSR and FISSR markers
  • Isolation of High Quality DNA for AFLP Amplification in Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Purification of Hemoglobin from the Actinorhizal Root Nodules of Myrica gale 
  • Characterization of a Casuarina glauca Nodule Specific Subtilisin-like Protease Gene, a Homolog of Alnus glutinosa ag12  
  • She Oak Properties

Species Information

  • Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Casuarina glauca
  • Casuarina cunninghamiana
  • Casuarina Rumph
  • Seed Leaflet- Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Casuarina junghuhniana
  • Casuarina littoralis

Patent  and Technology

  • Method of cultivating a biomass using the plant genus casuarina 
  • Root stimulating bacteria 
  • Process for inclusion of mycorrhizae and actinorhizae in a matrix 
  • Hemoglobin genes and their use
  • Seed Technology for Forestry in Hawaii
  • Micro-propagation technique for casuarina



  • The Haller Foundation
  • John A. Arnone III
  • Nabard Consultancy Services
  • Biosphere Environmental Consultants Pty Ltd
  • Raja Barizan Raja Sulaiman


  • Casuarina forests
  • Management Considerations of Casuarina
  • Casuarina spp
  • Australian Pine
  • Resource Management in Asia-Pacific

Project and Applications

  • Forestry Wasteland - Model Bankable Projects
  • Improving Rural Livelihoods through Carbon Sequestration
  • She Oak Essence by Australian Bush Flower
  • Uses of Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Casuarina as ornamental

Market and Report

  • Whether Seeds or Six- packs, Its Time to Plant Vegetables
  • Element Stewardship Abstract for Casuarina equisetifolia
  • Environmental Management
  • The New Foresters
  • Is Australian Pine, Casuarina spp a good Candidate for Biological control in Florida?
  • Raise casuarina for industry needs
  • California Oak Mortality Task Force Report
  • Tree Poisoning 

Growers and Nursery

  • Agri Tree Nursery 
  • Global Garden
  • Metropolitan Tree Growers Pty Ltd
  • Municipal Tree Nursery
  • Australian Native Plants Nursery
  • Plantworld Pty Ltd


  • All Righteous Woods
  • Cook Woods
  • Djarilmari Timber Products
  • Exotic Woods Inc
  • Gilmer Wood Company
  • TradeWinds