Bermuda Grass


Check out

Information @ a Glance
  • Bermuda grass  is the most important lawn grass of the Sun Belt. It has all the essential characteristics a lawn needs for those regions—heat and drought tolerance primarily. The very aggressiveness of Bermuda is also it's key disadvantage. When creeping Bermuda invades flower beds and ground cover, it's called "devil grass" by frustrated gardeners. Bermuda grass is tough and fast growing enough to be one of the most popular grasses for sports fields.
  • Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.) was introduced to the United States from Africa by 1751 . The high growth rate of this genus provides it with rapid colonization in disturbed areas and quick recovery from traffic damage caused in sports activities. It was shown that if logarithmic growth rates could be sustained for 1 year , then it would be possible for 1 m2 of grass to cover an area equal to 50% of the land area of the world.
  • Bermudagrass is a heavy user of nitrogen, and a good turf requires regular applications. Phosphates and potash in most Arizona soils are seldom limiting to bermudagrass growth, and applications of them seldom give a response. Unless initial seeding is in a very sterile, sandy, gravelly soil, it is best to wait until seedlings are 1 to 2 inches high before fertilizing a new stand since nitrogen may encourage rapidly germinating and growing weeds while the bermudagrass seedlings are not yet ready to compete.
  • Tifton 85’ bermudagrass is a relatively new hybrid with improved nutritive value and yield potential compared to established hybrids such as Coastal bermudagrass. Many studies have been conducted to determine the K requirements of Coastal bermudagrass. Adams and Twersky showed that high levels of available soil K reduced Coastal bermudagrass winter injury and indicated that winter survival of this grass was favored by a high ratio of applied K to N.
  • Establishment of bermudagrass is a major expense. Care should be taken to do everything possible to ensure success. When planting an improved variety, any common bermudagrass present should be sprayed with Roundup before planting. There are many named varieties available, all of which can be established with sprigs or fresh hay clippings.
  • Bermudagrass grows vigorously during the hot summer months when the field is being prepared or renovated for the football season. It has excellent drought and heat tolerance. Bermudagrass requires about 50 percent less water than cool-season grasses during the hot summer months. It has excellent wear tolerance and recovery when actively growing.
  • Spring dead spot is a destructive disease of common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) and bermudagrass hybrids (C. dactylon X C. transvaalensis) throughout the northern range of its adaptation in the United States. It may occur on bermudagrass fairways and putting surfaces of all ages, although it typically appears 3-4 years after the turf has been established. The disease results in the formation of circular or arc-shaped patches of dead turf in early spring as bermudagrass breaks winter dormancy.
  • The whole plant of Bermudagrass is used for medicinal purpose, externally as well as internally. Bermudagrass being haemostatic, refrigerant, healer and beneficial for skin complexion, it is extremely beneficial, externally in wounds, haemorrhages, burning sensation and dispigmentations of the skin. The paste of leaves or their medicated oil is applied in traumatic wounds and piles, with great benefit. In catarrhal conditions of the eyes, the fresh fuice of the plants is instilled into eyes.
  • World Feeder Bermuda Grass is now a proven leader in forage solutions in the U.S. agricultural industry. It provides superior quality hay and grazing, with additional attributes of high yield, extreme cold tolerance and winter hardiness, high protein, extreme salt tolerance, deep root system, and, most importantly, high digestibility and palatability to livestock under conditions that turn other grasses coarse and stemmy.
  • Potassium fertilization increases Bermudagrass production per inch of rainfall received.It also increases N use efficiency. This enables producers to get more benefit from each dollar spent on N fertilizer, while minimizing the potential for N loss to the environment. With optimum soil K levels, forage can better withstand stresses from diseases, heat, and drought than where K needs have been neglected.
General Information
  • Information of species
  • The Lawn Grasses
  • Durva
  • Hybrid Bermudagrass
  • Cynodon dactylon
  • Overview of Cynodon dactylon
  • Photograph of Cynodon dactylon Herbaceous Alliance
  • Herbal monograph
  • Origin and early history of Bermudagrass
  • Five reasons to go for Bermuda grass
  • Factsheet of Cynodon dactylon

Plantation and Cultivation

  • History of turf production
  • Bermudagrass seeding and site preparation
  • Steps to installing bermudagrass
  • Growing Cynodon dactylon
  • Growing and Storing of Bermuda grass
  • Bermudagrass plantation
  • Growing bermudagrass in Phoenix Arizona
  • Bermudagrass plantation and cultivation in Hawai'i
  • Bermudagrass plantation in American lawns
  • Bermudagrass  plantation in Florida Lawns
  • Varities and planting methods of Bermuda grass
  • Bermudagrass cultivation


  • Allied Seed LLC
  • Oakland Plantation
  • Pike Family Nurseries
  • Quail Valley Farm Inc.
  • Wegmans Nursery
  • World Feeder International, Inc.


  • BR Bock Consulting, Inc.
  • Bermudagrass expert
  • Frank Farage
  • Fertilizer experts
  • The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Inc.
  • TifEagle for Greens


  • Rapid analysis of dry turf grass seed
  • Extraction of total available carbohydrates from
    grass and legume tissue
  • Molecular characterization of some turf grass cultivars
  • Enzymatic hydrolysis of Rye Straw and Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass response to high nitrogen rates, source, and season of application
  • Response and nutrient uptake in Bermudagrass


  • Bermudagrass establishment
  • Establishing hybrid Bermudagrass
  • Establishing and managing wrangler Bermuda grass
  • Establishing seeded Bermudagrass varieties
  • Variety selection and establishment of Bermudagrass
  • Selection, establishment, and management  of forage Bermuda grass
  • Herbicide options for Bermudagrass establishment
  • Varieties and establishment of Bermuda grass


  • Little philip no.1 Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass named 'RJT'
  • Method of rapid grass growth
  • Modular grass turf tile system and tray
  • Bermudagrass plant named 'premier'
  • Formulation and process for the selective control of bermuda and other grasses
  • Weed and grass puller
  • Patriot turf bermudagrass


  • Changes in Polar Lipid Fatty Acid Composition during Cold Acclimation in ‘U3’ Bermudagrass
  • The effect of Sulfonylurea (SU) herbicides on establishment of seeded Bermudagrass
  • Genetic diversity among forage Bermudagrass
  • Identification and metabolic diversity of rhizobacteria from Bermuda grass
  • Positive aspects of weeds for agro-biodiversity conservation priorities
  • Overseeding common Bermudagrass with cool-season annuals
  • Removal of perennial ryegrass from overseeded Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass response to potassium sources and sulfur
  • Bermudagrass sod growth and metal uptake in coal combustion
  • DNA fingerprinting of seeded Bermudagrass cultivars
  • Traditional medicinal uses in India
  • Bermudagrass for Athletic fields
  • Actions and uses of Durva
  • Bermudagrass usage
  • The use of Cynodon dactylon as soil cover for direct seeding in Madagascar
  • At-planting herbicides for Bermudagrass control in sugarcane

Pest Management

  • Weeds in turf
  • Identification, distribution, and aggressiveness of spring dead spot pathogens of Bermudagrass
  • Bermuda grass as a potential reservoir host for grapevine fanleaf virus
  • Bermuda grass integrated pest management
  • Siduron control of Bermudagrass in cool-season turf grasses
  • Bermudagrass management in the southern piedmont USA. II. soil phosphorus
  • Problems associated with warm season grasses
  • Diseases of warm-season grasses
  • Insect pest management on turf grass
  • Planning arthropod pest management through the year
  • Turf grass pesticide suggestions
  • Home pest prevention and pest control service
  • Texans for Alternatives to Pesticides

Projects and Suppliers

  • Comparison and determination of  the effectiveness of micro soil
  • Experiments for extending the grazing season
  • Bermudagrass demonstration project
  • Creating a genetic roadmap for Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass grassland Project plan update
  • Seedland


  • Cultivars of Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass - A history of the Weed and its control in Israel
  • Literature review of Bermudagrass
  • Overview of world feeder Bermudagrass
  • Growing Bermudagrass in Kansas
  • Removing unwanted Bermudagrass in Kern country
  • Scientists unveil Bermudagrass genetic map
  • Bermudagrass stands may look ugly, but most should recover


  • Competition between corn  and bermudagrass  in relation to the crop plant arrangement
  • Chromosome number in Cynodon dactylon in relation to ecological conditions
  • Distinguishing off-types in Tifway and Tifdwarf bermudagrass
  • Population dynamics of the sting nematode in California turf grass
  • Efficacy of aqueous and methanol extracts of some medicinal plants for potential antibacterial activity
  • Bermudagrass football fields
  • Bermudagrass sprig heat tolerance
  • In situ disappearance of malate from alfalfa and Bermudagrass hay
  • Pesticide downward movement in a Bermudagrass system
  • Pump-up Bermudagrass production with potash
  • Turf grass research
  • Sod seeding small grain pasture into dry Bermudagrass
  • Economics of a stockpiled Bermudagrass grazing system
  • Report of ergot of Bermudagrass caused by Claviceps cynodontis in Oklahoma
  • Element stewardship abstract for Cynodon dactylon


  • Ayurputra guide for herbs
  • Athletic field maintenance calendar
  • Guide to plant Bermudagrass
  • Guide to manage pests in Bermudagrass
  • Important things before sprigging Bermudagrass
  • FAQ's about Bermudagrass
  • Bermudagrass useful links